Retrospective Study of Pattern of Sexually Transmitted Infections in a Tertiary Care Center in South India

  • Ranjani Raju Venereology and Leprology, Coimbatore Medical College and Hospital, Coimbatore,Tamil Nadu, India
  • Muthukumaran Rajaram Venereology and Leprology, Coimbatore Medical College and Hospital,Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Cervical and vaginal discharge, Human immunodeficiency virus, Sexually transmitted infections, Syphilis,, Transgender


Introduction: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to be the major social and economic problems leading to
considerable morbidity, mortality, and stigma in the developing world. Unprotected sex with an infected partner is the major
risk factor for STIs and it further increases the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. There is an immense
need to understand the patterns of STIs prevailing in various regions of a country for proper planning and implementation of
STI control strategies.
Aims and Objectives: The aims of the study were to the pattern of various STI in patients attending the sexually transmitted
disease (STD) clinic of a tertiary care hospital in South India.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was done with the case records in the STD outpatient department, Coimbatore
Medical College, Coimbatore, during the period from January 2014 to December 2018. The patient’s data and laboratory results
were compiled and studied.
Results: Of 2455, STI cases studied, there were 1127 male STI and 1281 female STI, and the male to female ratio is (1.1:1.2).
There was 47 transgender with STIs. The most common complaint was vaginal and cervical discharge (27.04%) followed by
syphilis (20.17%) and the least common complaint was non-herpetic ulcer (5.7%). In our study, 105 cases (4.27%) were found
to be HIV positive.
Conclusion: In our study, the common STI found was cervical and vaginal discharge followed by syphilis. The combined
approach of mass screening and behavioral changes in the population can decrease spread of STIs and HIV rapidly.

Author Biographies

Ranjani Raju, Venereology and Leprology, Coimbatore Medical College and Hospital, Coimbatore,Tamil Nadu, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, 

Muthukumaran Rajaram, Venereology and Leprology, Coimbatore Medical College and Hospital,Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Professor, Department of Dermatology, 


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